Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder that impairs an individual’s thinking, acting and seeing ability. People suffering with this problem behave abnormally. In other words, they may hear voices other people don’t hear and also feel like other people are reading their minds and are plotting to harm them. One in every hundred people experiences this problem during his or her lifetime.
Some of the signs of schizophrenia include:
- Hallucination: This include seeing or hearing of things that does not exist in reality, however, hearing voices is the most common type of hallucination that people usually go through when suffering with this problem. Another type may include feeling things like fingers touching their bodies when they are alone.
- Delusion: It is false beliefs that are not real. People struggling with schizophrenia can have delusions that seem bizarre such as believing that others can easily harass or harm them. They also believe that people on television are directing special messages to them.
- Thought disorder: It is also known as disorganized thinking. One’s effective communication can be impaired and also answers to questions may be completely or partially unrelated.
Occurrence of Schizophrenia
It occurs in early adulthood. Friends and family may spot warning signs long before its primary symptoms occur. During its early stage patients isolate themselves from the world and stop enjoying activities that he or she used to enjoy.
Schizophrenia treatment includes effective medications and some useful therapies that have been developed to assist patients suffering from this problem:
- Individual psychotherapy: It involves regular sessions between the therapist and patient. Under this therapy the major focus is given on the patient’s thoughts and feelings. With its regular sessions patients are able to differentiate between fake and real.
- Cognitive treatment: It is a form of behavioral treatment, which includes paper and pencil exercises and also some computer based exercise. Such exercises seem to be helpful in developing existing cognitive skills in the patient.